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CANNABIS JUNE 26, 2023

Mastering Cannabis Growth: Tackle Nutrient Deficiencies

Let's discover the secret' to growing the best cannabis together if you're looking for it. As a seasoned grower, you'd agree there's no one-size-fits-all option. Instead, cannabis cultivation is an art, a canvas painted with the colors of optimum temperature, humidity, light, climate, and well-balanced nutrition. These elements and the proper pH are the critical brush strokes that bring your plant to life, allowing it to bloom and prosper. 

 

However, even a slight deviation from these necessities can stress the plant, making it more susceptible to disease, mold, bugs, pests, and other issues, eventually reducing the quality and yield of your prized plant. This article will guide you through understanding nutrient deficiencies, how to rectify them, and tips to avoid them in the first place, helping you maximize plant health.

 

Understanding Cannabis Deficiencies

Cannabis deficiencies manifest when the plant can't access a crucial nutrient or mineral for healthy growth. Even with a healthy diet, lacking a single essential nutrient can significantly impact yield quality. At worst, a deficiency can even threaten your plant's survival.

 

The good news is that cannabis plants, like good friends, communicate with us, indicating what's amiss. But we need to learn their language. Clues from leaves and the plant's general appearance can tell a seasoned grower a lot. So, let's dive deeper and discover more about these signs and how to interpret them.

 

Why Deficiencies Occur Despite a Balanced Feed

One of the perplexing aspects of cannabis cultivation is that nutrient deficiencies can occur despite providing a balanced feed. But, all required nutrients don't guarantee absorption at the root level. The grow medium's pH must be within a specific range for nutrient absorption. The roots can't absorb the nutrients if the medium becomes too acidic or alkaline.

 

Identifying and Treating Nutrient Deficiencies

Time is of the essence when dealing with a nutrient-deficient plant. If the plant continues to suffer, the harvest can be severely compromised, and in worst-case scenarios, your plant may not even survive. Like a healthy person, a healthy plant is more resistant to diseases and pests than a plant compromised by poor health and poor nutrition.

Nitrogen Deficiency in Cannabis

Nitrogen (N), recognized as a vital macronutrient, is a cornerstone of the photosynthesis process and supports robust vegetative growth in cannabis. As the primary ingredient of plant proteins and a crucial constituent for chlorophyll production, Nitrogen's role is pivotal in bolstering the health and vitality of the plant.


Symptoms: A Nitrogen-deficient plant may exhibit pale leaves, eventually turning yellow, curling, and dropping off. Discoloration or browning of leaves may occur, starting at the base of the plant and progressing upwards. The plant might exhibit faster blooming in severe cases, yielding fewer buds. On the other hand, too much Nitrogen can lead to leaves showing an unnaturally deep or dark hue.


Treatment: A Nitrogen deficiency can be rectified by introducing nitrogen-rich nutrients like fish-based feeds or even a light foliar feed spray with a Nitrogen-rich nutrient like seaweed. Checking the nutrient pH is also recommended.


Preventive Action Plan: Choose a nitrogen-rich fertilizer, and apply it at the right time. Early stages of growth need more Nitrogen, so be generous during the vegetative phase. Be vigilant with your watering schedule, ensuring it's regular but reasonable. Check the pH of your growing medium regularly. Aim for a slightly acidic environment (pH 6-7) for optimal nitrogen uptake.

farmer holding cannabis plant

Phosphorus Deficiency in Cannabis

Phosphorus (P), another essential macronutrient, holds immense importance for the overall health and growth of the cannabis plant. Its contribution to plant proteins, DNA formulation, and photosynthesis cannot be overstated. Phosphorus serves as a driving force behind the plant's energy storage and transfer, enabling it to thrive.


Symptoms: A phosphorus-deficient plant may have brown discolored dried leaves, dark blue or green tints, and limited vertical and horizontal growth. Severe Phosphorus deficit can cause dark, blackish patches on leaves, as well as hints of metallic purple or dark bronze.


Treatment: Keeping the pH closer to the acidic side (closer to pH 6) can increase bioavailability. Phosphorus-rich feed or fertilizer, like fish meal or worm castings, can help rectify the issue. It's crucial to ensure that temperatures are in range and avoid over-watering.


Preventive Action Plan:Incorporate bat guano, worm castings, or bone meal into your soil, as these are natural sources of Phosphorus. Ensure your grow room's temperature is warm, as Phosphorus is best absorbed at temperatures between 70-80°F. Remember to maintain the pH level of your soil or growing medium within the optimum range (pH 6-7 for soil, 5.5-6.5 for hydroponics).

 

growing cannabis plant (2)

 

Potassium Deficiency in Cannabis

Potassium (K) is a critical mobile macronutrient within the cannabis plant, contributing significantly to its physiology. This includes synthesizing and transporting sugars and simple carbohydrates, aiding in water uptake, boosting root growth, fostering cell division, and supporting the production of Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP).


Symptoms: A Potassium deficient plant might show signs like curling leaves or brown and yellow colors on leaf tips and edges. The plants may stretch more than usual.


Treatment: You can tackle Potassium deficiency by adding chicken manure as a top dressing to your grow medium or a Potassium-rich nutrient or foliar feed. Organic seaweed is beneficial as a foliar feed.


Preventive Action Plan: Use a balanced fertilizer that contains Potassium. Compost, kelp meal, and wood ash are great organic sources of Potassium. Always follow the manufacturer's instructions to avoid over-fertilizing. Keep an eye on the pH level of your soil or growing medium, as Potassium is best absorbed in slightly acidic conditions.

 

Magnesium Deficiency in Cannabis

Magnesium (Mg), a vital component for photosynthesis, is an essential macronutrient for cannabis. It's integral to creating the crucial chlorophyll pigment that plants use to absorb light, and without Magnesium, neither chlorophyll nor photosynthesis can take place effectively.


Symptoms: Initial manifestations of the problem can be observed on the leaves, where yellow spots start to appear. These spots darken over time, transitioning to brown and resulting in leaf death. On closer observation, you may notice older leaves exhibit interveinal chlorosis, where the regions between the veins acquire a yellowish tint and may even develop rust-colored spots. If these signs are overlooked and the plant is not treated appropriately, the Magnesium deficiency can escalate, critically reducing the plant's capacity to bear any harvest.


Treatment: The preliminary step in addressing this issue is to ensure the pH levels in your growth medium are within the ideal range. If the pH is found to be skewed, it's crucial to flush the medium with water, targeting a pH of around six. To tackle Magnesium deficiency directly, the application of Epsom salts, a common remedy, is advised. To do this, dissolve a teaspoon of Epsom salts in a liter of water, then observe your plant's reaction to this treatment carefully.


Preventive Action Plan: Add Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate) or dolomite lime to your soil to provide Magnesium. This nutrient is vital in photosynthesis and enzyme production, so it's crucial for healthy growth. Maintain the pH of your growing medium in the optimal range (pH 6-7) to ensure adequate nutrient absorption.

 

middle aged man farming cannabis

 

Calcium Deficiency in Cannabis

Calcium (Ca) plays a vital yet often overlooked role in the health of cannabis plants. As an immobile macronutrient, it forms new plant cells and maintains the overall structural integrity of the plant, ensuring sturdy growth and development.


Symptoms: If your plant shows signs of leaf tips curling and developing a small bronze or brown hue, it might suffer from a calcium deficiency. Additionally, you may notice slower growth rates and weak stems.


Treatment: adjust Calcium deficiencies can be corrected using lime in the soil, a calcium-magnesium supplement, or water enriched with calcium. Always check your pH level when adding these to your plant's diet.


Preventive Action Plan: Utilize a calcium-rich amendment like dolomite lime or gypsum in your soil, or use a calcium supplement. These will help strengthen the structure of your plant and improve nutrient transport. Monitor your pH levels and ensure they're in the correct range, as a pH imbalance can lead to calcium being locked out.

Iron Deficiency in Cannabis

Iron (FE), a critical micronutrient, is indispensable for the photosynthesis process and contributes significantly to the overall growth and health of the cannabis plant. Its function in chlorophyll synthesis and various enzymatic processes is integral to the plant's well-being.


Symptoms: Iron deficiency is usually seen as interveinal chlorosis in the newer leaves at the top of the plant. The veins remain green, while the rest of the leaf turns yellow.


Treatment:To treat iron deficiency, apply a foliar iron spray directly to the leaves. Moreover, optimizing the pH of the root zone can also enhance iron absorption.


Preventive Action Plan: Use a quality, iron-containing fertilizer or add organic amendments like composted poultry manure to your soil. An iron spray can also be used for a quick fix. Keep your pH slightly acidic (6-7 for soil, 5.5-6.5 for hydroponics), as iron uptake can be hindered in alkaline conditions.

 

growing cannabis plant

 

Sulfur Deficiency in Cannabis

Sulfur (S), a vital nutrient for cannabis, contributes to the formation of various proteins, enzymes, and vitamins within the plant. Beyond its metabolic functions, Sulfur also enhances the plant's resistance to disease, supporting its overall resilience.


Symptoms: Sulfur deficiency may lead to young leaves turning lime green, while older leaves may become yellow and exhibit a unique orange or red tinge.


Treatment: Epsom salts, which we've mentioned earlier as a treatment for Magnesium deficiency, can also help in cases of sulfur deficiency. Alternatively, using a sulfur-rich fertilizer can provide a quick fix.


Preventive Action Plan: Implement a sulfur-containing fertilizer or add organic amendments like gypsum to your soil. Sulfur helps in the production of vital plant proteins and enzymes.

As sulfur absorption is optimal in slightly acidic conditions, maintain your pH levels accordingly.

Zinc Deficiency in Cannabis

Zinc (ZN) is critical for various biological functions within the cannabis plant, particularly in forming chlorophyll and carbohydrates. It also assists with the plant's starch formation, which is vital to its metabolic processes and growth.


Symptoms: If leaf tips are discolored or yellow and curling upward, it might indicate a zinc deficiency. Additionally, the stem between the leaves and the stalk might turn purple.


Treatment: Foliar sprays are effective in treating zinc deficiency, though it's crucial to ensure the pH levels are within the optimal range for nutrient absorption.


Preventive Action Plan: Use a balanced fertilizer that includes zinc. Consider using a zinc foliar spray for a quick boost.

Ensure the pH is balanced, as zinc can become unavailable in alkaline conditions.


Manganese Deficiency in Cannabis

Manganese (MN) plays a significant role in several plant functions, including the breakdown of enzymes, carbohydrate metabolism, and chloroplast production. Its part is crucial for maintaining the health and vigor of the cannabis plant, supporting its growth and productivity.


Symptoms: Manganese deficiency can cause interveinal chlorosis in young leaves. The affected leaves may develop necrotic (dead) spots.


Treatment: Manganese chelate or any good quality cannabis-specific nutrient line that contains manganese can help rectify this deficiency. Also, maintaining the proper pH level helps the plant to absorb manganese efficiently.


Preventive Action Plan: Apply a balanced fertilizer with manganese included, or consider using manganese chelate or sulfate for a quick fix. Be mindful of the pH; manganese is best absorbed in slightly acidic conditions. If your pH is too high, it could cause a manganese lockout.

 

farmer cultivating cannabis plant

 

The Bottom Line 

The management of nutrient deficiencies in cannabis cultivation is a scientific task requiring thorough understanding and keen observation. Every nutrient, be it Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, Magnesium, calcium, iron, Sulfur, zinc, or manganese, plays a specific, vital role in the life cycle of a cannabis plant.

 

Cultivators can take decisive and informed action by being aware of these nutrient requirements and knowing how to identify and correct deficiencies. This knowledge forms the cornerstone of a successful cannabis cultivation operation, ensuring that the plants grow in the healthiest possible conditions.

 

The complexities of cannabis cultivation are vast, but through this careful analysis, we have elucidated the path to efficient management of plant nutrients. This understanding is an invaluable tool that promises to enhance the quality and yield of your cannabis plants significantly.



Now that you have delved deep into the nuances of nutrient deficiencies in cannabis, why stop there? Expand your knowledge further and join our vibrant community of cannabis enthusiasts and experts.Visit our blogs for more insightful articles and discussions about cannabis cultivation, care, and everything in between. There's always more to learn, more to discover, and we invite you to continue this enlightening journey with us. Check our cannabis blog now for your next big discovery!


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